However, Mexico also has some major energy changes in the pipeline, and after decades of state-run oil company PEMEX having sole purview over fossil fuel extraction, international investment and companies will now be let into the mix after recent constitutional reforms. This will increase oil flows from America’s southern neighbor into those same Gulf refineries as Keystone XL might. At the same time renewable energy has started to take off in Mexico, with construction of the biggest solar power plant in Latin America, Aura Solar I — a 30-megawatt solar farm in La Paz, Mexico — the latest signal.
The second footstep in Landis’s plan would be a piloted landing on Deimos. Landis noted that, with the possible exception of a few near-Earth asteroids, Mars’s outer moon was the most accessible object beyond Earth orbit in terms of the energy required to reach it. The mission would demonstrate Mars orbit insertion and orbital operations as well as Mars orbit departure. Deimos, Landis noted, might contain water that could be split using electricity into hydrogen and oxygen, which could serve as rocket propellants.
“A lot of the reform will boil down to implementation,” he said. “If retail rates are no longer subsidized, then solar might become even more competitive because a larger part of the customer base will have to pay higher rates for electricity. The competitive wholesale market will at least open up for opportunity for solar developers to enter the electricity market.”
According to Landis, the answer was a new piloted Mars program that would take into account lessons taught by Apollo (“If you accomplish your goal, your budget will be cut”) and the Space Shuttle (“if you do the same thing over and over, the public will focus on your failures and forget your successes”). Landis’s program was a 14-year series of incremental “footsteps” which, he said, would be in keeping with NASA Administrator Dan Goldin’s “faster, better, cheaper” philosophy of spaceflight (at the time of The Case for Mars V, the philosophy was still in its infancy). The footsteps would, he argued, provide a series of interesting milestones that would maintain public enthusiasm for the program at least until a piloted Mars landing took place.
Last week President Obama and Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper visited Mexico for what’s traditionally called the “Three Amigos” meeting. In the daylong rendezvous, energy issues were slated to play a major role, with Obama and Harper jockeying for room when it comes to the impending decision on the controversial Keystone XL pipeline that would bring dirty crude oil down from Canada to refineries on the Gulf Coast.
Brian Dick, Vice President and General Counsel of WTEC stated: “As a successful international developer of renewable energy projects, we are looking forward to working with UPI on the build-out of these two exciting solar power plant projects, and contributing to the employment, economic growth and development of the Nacaome, Honduras region by training a local workforce to build and maintain these power plants.”